A plant is a living organism. In primary school children learn about a wide variety of different types of plants including flowers, trees and vegetables.
Plants are living things that grow from the soil and turn light from the Sun into food. Plants can be big or small, from giant trees to tiny patches of moss.
Plants use a process called photosynthesis to turn sunlight into food in their leaves. They can then use this food to grow. To help them do this, they also need water and nutrients that they take from the soil with their roots, and carbon dioxide that they absorb from the air.
Watch and observe:
Children will be given opportunities to watch and observe plants and vegetables grow. They will plant their own seeds either in pots or the school grounds. Children will observe trees and plants growing in their local environment if possible this might be during forest school lessons, in the school garden/ vegetable patch or walks and trips to the park and woodlands depending on the school facilities. Children may use magnifying glasses to examine the parts of flowers closely.
Diagrams, photographs and drawing:
Children will draw and label plants including trees and plants. Children may keep charts, graphs and records of plant growth.
Children will plan and carry out investigations and experiments for example they might plan a fair test to determine if a plant needs water to grow.
Children may watch video clips to teach them about plants and research using the internet and book for example they might research pollination.
Photographs, charts, classification grids:
Children will use pictures and classification charts to identify different flowers, trees and plants.
Rocks are made up of different minerals and form the Earth’s crust (outer layer). Different combinations of minerals form rocks; minerals are made of elements.
There are 3 different types of rocks; igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic.
Igneous rock is formed when magma or lava from volcanoes cools. Examples include basalt and granite. Most igneous rock is very hard. Some of the most spectacular rock formations on our planet are made of igneous rock; in Britain we see granite shapes called tors in south-western locations like Bodmin Moor, Dartmoor and Land's End.
Sedimentary rocks are formed over millions of years when sediments (tiny pieces of rocks and animal skeletons) are pressed together at the bottom of seas and rivers. Examples include sandstone, coal and chalk. Some sedimentary rocks contain fossils (bones or shells of living things that were buried long ago and have turned to stone).
Metamorphic rocks are formed when other rocks are changed due to heat or pressure. Examples include slate and marble. Metamorphic rocks are very hard but can be damaged by acids like acid rain (on buildings) or even lemon juice (on worktops!).
Fossils are created when plants or animals are trapped within rocks.
Soils are made from rocks and organic matter.
We will be: